Introduction

Projects

Nazar-Alam group

Stanikzai City

Nazar-Alam Agriculture

 

Nazar Alam Agriculture Company

Sector(s): Seeds, Seedlings and Nurseries Primary Industry (including Agriculture)

Building 2-2 Golden City, Sayed Noor M. Shaw Mina, Kabul, Afghanistan
Office:

+93(0) 77-2000-484
Tel: +93(0) 799-00390-000
Email: goldencity100@hotmail.com

 

Organization and Structure

Description of Supplier:

Seed Production, Seed Multiplication

Locally Produced:

70%

Imported:

30%

% National Staff:

100

Operating since:

2010

Number of Employees:

less than 20

% Male:

100

Qualifications and Licensing

Methods of Payment Accepted:

Bank Transfer, Cash, Cheque

Business Registration Number:

D02-470

Registered with:

AISA

Registered since:

01/2009

Certifications Held:

NO

Association Memberships:

NO

Specialized Training Completed:

NO

Range of Operations:

Do You Import?:

NO

Areas of Operation:

All Provinces

Branch Office 1:

Sayed Noor Muhammad Sahw Mina, Kabul

Branch Office 1 City:

Kabul

Branch Office 1 Phone:

+93(0) 799 00 39 00

 

Agriculture overview:

Given the temperate climate, Kabul Province is a largely single crop zone with only partial second cropping. The main harvest season for wheat is between August and September, and for vegetables between September and October.

The Daoud Khan regime (1972-1979) initiated the introduction of a suitable farming system by building an adequate irrigation canal system fed by the Panjir River. This system was intended to irrigate large areas of rain fed land stretching from Charikar to Qarabagh District in the northern part of the province, and the fallow land of Dahsabas District to increase agricultural productivity. However, Government plans to cover the Shimali Plains collapsed with the overthrow of the regime by internal factions. Today, the total arable land in the Province comprises a mix of largely rain fed and a small area of irrigated land. Only 6% of rain fed land is available for wheat crops, while wheat, potato and vegetables are grown on the remaining 94% of irrigated land.

Irrigation systems are fed by diverted rivers and the traditional (underground) Karaz system. The Karaz system was partly destroyed during years of instability and drought, as a result of which some systems have completely dried out. If cleaned and repaired, the traditional could become functional again as a main source of irrigation.
The rehabilitation of orchards has been identified as the main potential, given the growing urban and regional and – potential – export markets for fresh and dried fruits. Further, labor intensive vegetable crops constitute a high potential agriculture activity. Currently, Pakistan is the main importer of Afghan tomatoes, onions, and potatoes. These products could also drive the establishment of a local agro-processing industry and the revival of the Afghan brand name. Enhanced crop production could provide enhanced employment opportunities in agro processing like potato chips production. Regional production of tomato ketchup and other related products could replace imports from neighboring countries and boost the local glass (container) manufacturing and packaging industries.

Crops

Cereals, particularly wheat, and potato are the two staple crops in Kabul Province. While wheat is only domestically consumed, the yield is not high enough to satisfy local demands. While the wheat yield could be improved by agricultural inputs like improved seeds, technology, and fertilizers, the annual deficit in wheat yield is also a result of the increasing conversion of arable land into orchards and vegetable growing areas – mainly because these crops fetch higher prices on local and export markets. Kabul and Pakistani markets are also supplied by fresh and dried fruits from Dahsabz District. The Shimali Plains located north of Kabul extend into Parwan and Kapisa Provinces. The plains were once famous for its vineyards and agricultural products, mainly raisins. During the war, the vineyards were destroyed – left to dry out or overgrew with weed – depriving the region of a major economic opportunity that is now slowly being recovered. In most cases, landowners (farmers) work on their own land. There are no fruit processing factories as yet, and mainly home-based employment opportunities for rural women exist as traditional methods in fruit drying prevail.

The temperate climate and good soil conditions provide good potential to develop the horticulture sector. While apples are currently a product of the Shamali Plains sold at local markets, there are opportunities for the successful expansion of apple growing to Paghman and Shakardarah Districts where the conditions are equally favorable. Agro processing (apples etc.) is in its infancy in Kabul Province, mainly because production is carried by small private companies. There are efforts to identify and improve successful varieties of various fruits to increase horticulture production. Once this happens, agro processing would be an added economic value to the region.


Urban agriculture is quite developed in Parwan Province feeding into local market. However, a small number of experienced farmers in and around Kabul city increasingly generate sustainable incomes by growing vegetables (mostly leek and onions) and increasingly herbs (coriander, mint etc.) where the markets are. The advantages of this form of agriculture clearly lie in the immediate marketability of fresh products and sales opportunity at good prices without high transportation and storage costs and other expenses incurred through middlemen and wholesalers. Thus, urban agriculture constitutes a good potential for small scale farmers and is expected to grow in the near future.

The climate and clearly distinguishable four seasons are conducive to fresh flower production as another potential of urban agriculture. Fresh flowers are currently produced during the spring and summer months in Paghman and Shakaldara Districts, and sales opportunities are dependent on this short season. The establishment of green houses would enable the expansion of local markets as well as off-season sales at a growing private and commercial market (hotels, restaurants etc.) in Kabul city. The output of opium poppy crops in Kabul Province is negligible. The temperate climate is perfectly suited for evergreens like pine, juniper, and picea. Given the rising demand of timber in the construction industry, industrial timber production based on Poplar that was traditionally grown in the Province could be turned into a thriving sector. However, while sufficient suitable land is available along the provincial canal systems, it needs to be rehabilitated in order for the agro forestry sector to be revived.

Livestock
The livestock sector in Kabul region is dominated by cattle (including dairy cows), sheep, goats, donkeys, horses, and poultry. The average farming household owns between 2 to 3 cows, 2 to 4 goats and sheep, 0.5 donkeys, and 10 to 12 backyard chickens. Part of the required fodder is being produced locally, but a good part is being imported from other Provinces. Concentrate is being produced by an FAO initiated plant and is mixed with wheat straw as the main fodder base for cattle, or as an addition to grain feed for poultry. Veterinary services and breed improvement have been taken up but don’t reach out to all farmers yet. Kabul Province has a considerably high number of medium and small scale (backyard) poultry and cattle farmers who currently sell their produce at local markets. Livestock by-products like eggs, meat and wool could feed into the development of the agro processing sector such as dairy and carpet weaving.

Milk collection chains have already been set up through cooperatives, and the FAO in cooperation with the MAI have started to rehabilitate the Guzargah Dairy Plant in Kabul to increase its current daily production capacity of 2,800 liters of milk. This plant receives daily milk supplies from the adjacent dairy plant in Binihesar owned by the MAI for further processing. Binihesar Dairy produces semen straw with support by the French Government.

Fisheries
Small-scale fish farming used to exist in Qargha town but the sector has been dormant for the past few years, mainly as a result of missing inputs. There is currently a growing interest and attempts by the private sector to revive fish production in Qargha through inputs for small ponds.
Kabul’s urban area sees a growing market for trout but the high costs incurred by imports of fish eggs from Iran impede the sector to take off. Local fish production could develop into a promising economic activity in the Province once local fish egg production is facilitated.

Land tenure
The average farm size in the province is about 2 jeribs, and small landowners make up the majority of farming households. There is a minuscule number of large landowners but the size of their irrigated farmland hardly exceeds 5 jerib. Sharecropping is common, particular among small size farmers. Today, a growing number of small farmers aim for alternative jobs and income opportunities mainly as unskilled laborers in urban areas as the output of their farms is insufficient to sustain their livelihoods. Among others, this trend reflects the increasing need for skills training facilitated by the private sector and the government in order for this growing labor force to be accommodated.

Agricultural support services
Kabul is the main urban centre where all kinds of commercial inputs are available. The current shift to urban jobs or partly migration to neighboring countries constitutes a labor problem in the agriculture sector. The effect of the drought period that has been ongoing since 2000 is yet to be seen. Though annual snowfall is sufficient, the snow melts immediately and did not feed into the natural water deposits to increase the water tables.

Agriculture related businesses
Kabul, together with the cities of Jalalabad, Heart and Mazar is Afghanistan’s key centre of trade. Agro Chemicals like seed, fertilizers and pesticides are imported from Iran, Pakistan and India, few from the Central Asian Countries. Agro machinery (tractors, rippers, threshing machines etc.) constitutes a large trading business in Kabul, mainly supplied by Pakistan and China. From Kabul, these imports are further sold to other parts of the country. Both sub-sectors are highly relevant for the local economy.

Agro processing can be the cornerstone for Afghanistan that has the potential to contribute to improved food security for millions of people across the country. Fruit drying, dairy, cold storage (off season sales), grain mills, oil extraction as well as value addition on raw products (bakery, chips ketchup etc.) could benefit from the availability of energy for processing, once power supply is secured. Carpets produced in Kabul are sold through middlemen to wholesalers for export. Some of these traders are directly connected through carpet associations. However, the potential of growth is big and first steps have been taken by different investors and donors to realize this potential.

Apiculture has a long tradition in Kabul. The temperate climate and availability of flowering plants mainly during the spring and summer but in certain areas until the end of autumn offers ideal conditions for the revival of the apiculture sector in Kabul Province with comparatively little effort. Currently, there are small scale private honey producers whose capacity is only sufficient to supply local markets. However, most farmers rely on second-hand containers like imported ketchup bottles, jam jars and flasks for medicine to sell their produce. The potential of the apiculture sector could be realized if bee keepers are supported to improve the cleanliness of the honey, have access to proper packaging and receive support to in branding and marketing of process.

Promising opportunities exist in agriculture processing, production and marketing of high-tech goods, and the textile and garments industry. Agriculture will remain comparatively irrelevant, even if urban agriculture and horticulture will provide household with sources of income through the production and direct sales opportunities at urban markets.


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